Whether Bara Hoti or Doklam, India must resist China’s advances on ground, learn from history
Bara Hoti in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand is the place where the first Chinese intrusions into Indian soil occurred in 1954 and have continued since, the last being July 25, 2017.
A similar incident occurred even last July when the Chinese arrived 200 meters from the Indian side after asking an official Indian team accompanied by unarmed Indo-Tibetan border police officers in their camp – They were about 200 meters from the Chinese side – of the perceived real control line (LOAC), a demarcation line that separates the territory controlled by India from the territory controlled by China.
Although reported, the incident was minimized on the grounds that the boundary in the area has not been delimited, so it is a “transgression” of the perceived border and not an “intrusion”.
Representative image. Image AFPresentation. AFP
The dispute at Bara Hoti was in fact brought back to the British days when, according to a report of the Intelligence Bureau of 1952 (IB), Hoti was popular among Indian traders who went to Tibet during the summer and that the Tibetans had already established a Customs post there. In 1890, the British government had to send a detachment of Gorkhas with the deputy collector after which the post was abolished.
In 1952, Tibetans again moved a “Customs” camp to Bara Hoti, on which the IB Report found that “it appears that the Tibetans have yet established a police and customs post at Hoti during the trading season” and Stressed that “if the Tibetans are not prevented from establishing their post at Hoti Plain, they could possibly claim that it is their own territory.”
To this end, the IB suggested a detachment of Garhwal Rifles and local armed police to haul the Indian tricolor to Bara Hoti “to prevent Tibetans from establishing their customs posts.”
In the 1954 Panchsheel Agreement on Trade and Pilgrimage in Tibet, India confiscated all its rights in Tibet, but received few assurances. Although its negotiators described the different stages of the usual boundary along the watershed range, the Chinese refused to include three of them in the area, including Tun Jun La, north of Bara Hoti .
In August of this year, the Chinese protested that the armed Indian troops had crossed the Niti Pass on 29 June 1954 and entered Wu-Je (Bara Hoti), which “did not conform to the principles Non-aggression and friendly cooperation Existence between China and India “.