The one TV show that Astronaut Scott Kelly binge watched to get through his one year in space

The one TV show that Astronaut Scott Kelly binge watched to get through his one year in space

Scott Kelly was the potelier of space exploration since returning from his marathon trip to the International Space Station, which lasted more than a full calendar year between 2015 and 2016.

The one-year shipment has not only been highly publicized and praised around the world but also allowed researchers and academics to have a clearer understanding than ever of the psychological and physical effects of spending in major periods.

Kelly did not participate in her first tour, but it is well known that the ISS is not exactly a luxury resort where you can spend your free time on yoga and spa treatments.

Although his stay was unprecedented, the veteran astronaut who has traveled the last frontier and beyond for many years and has made four towers knows a thing or two about the survival of the endless tedium of space travel.

But Kelly recently revealed in a press briefing that the only thing that went through his long journey in space was actually the hit fantasy series of HBO Game of Thrones.

Kelly, who is currently promoting the documentary Beyond a Year in Space, which is based on his last day on the ISS and back to Earth and events thereafter,

He revealed that if the mandate of his mission was mainly scientific, free time he had passed was like the people of the earth, watching downloaded programs, reading, and basically be attracted to the world of West and the Seven Kingdoms.
The PBS documentary will follow the first very popular section titled A Year in Space that made Kelly the celebrity she was now.

He follows his journey to Earth and the story of how he was brought back to life on the ground after having spent most of the days in space by any man in history.

Speaking to reporters at an event, Kelly also revealed that he had observed Game of Thrones not once but twice.

Scott Kelly’s Year in Space:
His marathon expedition included several scientific experiments on the human experience in space and has produced revolutionary results.

However, above all, Kelly has credited above all with popularizing and humanizing the concept of spending time in space – we must get used to everything with people like Elon Musk working overtime to put humans on Mars.

An engineer and a lifelong astronaut, Kelly retired recently was also very popular for his daily exploits in space that he became a true YouTube star. Not to mention, the goal of free attendance Kelly was also at stake:

Deaths of North Atlantic right whales puzzle Canadian scientists

Deaths of North Atlantic right whales puzzle Canadian scientists

TORONTO, July 31 (Reuters) – US conservatives are struggling to discover why North Atlantic whales are dying in unprecedented numbers, with nine deaths in the Gulf of Saint Martin

Lawrence in two months, according to Canadian officials.

The nine deaths are most pronounced in 2017 for the endangered marine mammal since scientists began tracking numbers in the 1980s, said Kim Davies, a postdoctoral fellow at Dalhousie University, who is a pioneer in Way to keep track of your activity in real time.

There are about fifty of the North Atlantic right and left whales in the world.

Human activity has caused at least part of this summer’s death.

Three whales died a brutal force trauma when being hit by a large vessel while another died after being trapped in fishing gear, said Monday Tonya Wimmer, director of Marine Response Society.

The whale corpses are so large, Wimmer and his colleagues need a backhoe to enter the animals to perform necropsies.

Whales, designated as endangered species, have been seen in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in greater than normal numbers this summer, Davies said, perhaps because their zooplankton food source is rarer in that other habitats such as the Gulf of Maine and the Bay of Fundy.

The Department of Fisheries and Oceans has closed a bit of snow crab fishing in early death and called on vessels in the high-traffic Gulf of San Lorenzo to voluntarily maintain their speed at 10 knots or less.

However, long-term solutions such as standards for speed, roads and equipment are needed to avoid more deaths such as these, Wimmer said.

“This is unprecedented, and it is catastrophic … For the sake of the species, it has to stop.” (Reporting by Anna Mehler Paperny, Editing by Sandra Maler)

Mysterious craters blowing out of Russia could mean trouble for the whole planet

Mysterious craters blowing out of Russia could mean trouble for the whole planet

The frozen soil of the Russian province, known as permafrost degrades, caused major changes in the landscape and ecology of the region. This could even endanger lives.

“The last time we saw a permafrost melt was 130,000 years ago. It is a natural phenomenon due to changes in Earth’s orbit,” said Earth science professor at Oxford University, Dr. Gideon Henderson .

“But this is certainly unprecedented is the rate of warming.The warming that occurred there 130,000 years ago happened thousands of years ago … What we see happening now, warms up for decades or a century.”

Thus we see a much faster collapse of permafrost, Henderson said.

Global Warming – but Faster

It is clear that the melting of permafrost has a significant effect on the climate, Henderson said.

Under normal conditions, permafrost regulates the amount of carbon in the environment by absorbing and storing significant atoms that release the human from the combustion of fossil fuels.

In the case of Siberia, this equation is reversed.

“When [permafrost] releases carbon, it will accelerate the rate of warming in the future,” Henderson said. A self-reinforced feedback loop is created through which the heating releases more atoms, resulting in increased heating.

Methane is 86 times worse than carbon dioxide

Since 2014, several massive wells were discovered in the area. The first could have been measured more than 50 feet wide.

There are several hypotheses on how craters form, but none of them have been proven, said Dr. Vladimir Romanovsky, professor of geophysics at the University of Alaska Fairbanks.

“All these assumptions, however, use the fact that the temperature in the region increases,” Romanovsky said.

The formation of these crater-like holes could have important implications for the community of Siberia and the environment in general.

One theory suggests that holes are created when the trapped gas explodes. Carbon dioxide and methane, both greenhouse gases are released in the process.

According to conventional estimates, methane warms the planet 34 times larger than carbon dioxide over 100 years.

However, these estimates ignore the fact that methane in the atmosphere decomposes into carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas less potent after 10 to 20 years.

Over a 20-year period, methane from the warming potential is 86 times greater than that of carbon dioxide, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

It is still whether the formation of these craters contributes to significant amounts of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, according to the researchers.

“There is no estimate of the amount of methane released into the atmosphere, since we do not know how” these craters form, “Romanovsky said.

According to Henderson, scientists are not sure of the rate and types of gases ejected – especially methane is broken down into carbon dioxide before or after its release.

A beyond-telescope-range Asteroid, expected to fly past earth on 12th October keyed up NASA

A beyond-telescope-range Asteroid, expected to fly past earth on 12th October keyed up NASA

Scientists and astronomers at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) said they are very excited because the mysterious asteroid, called 2012 and TC4 places out of reach of telescopes, moves quickly towards Earth and must fly through our home planet 12 October 2017.

According to scientists, the asteroid, which could be as large as 100 feet in size, is unknown and will give scientists a unique opportunity to test their space exploration ability.

As has been said NASA scientists are “sure” that space rock hits or missed the planet, and not know how it will fly on Earth.

As revealed by NASA the mysterious asteroid should not be in the 4,200-mile region of Earth’s surface, but it can not be more specific about its proximity to Earth that is telescopes out since 2012.

According to Michael Kelley, leader of the observation campaign “NASA uses the 2012 TC4 overflight as a” test “.

As scientists at California-based NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) explained, “We are very excited about the proximity of a small, mysterious asteroid on Earth and we intend to use its closest approximation to Earth as The gold prospect not only for scientific discoveries but also to test the threat analysis capabilities of NASA’s network of observatories as well as scientists working closely with collaboration with planetary defense systems “.

The first and last flyby 2012 TC4 grounding occurred in 2012, after which it disappeared in the solar system and exceeded the range of telescopes.

While earlier, scientists had a detailed idea of most of the asteroids that were close to the earth and that they knew they were safely flying to the ground or causing damage, this time,

They are not sure if this asteroid beyond the telescope area will insure overview of the Earth and how it will approach Earth as it passes.

Turning carbon dioxide into fuel might be possible with this new material

Turning carbon dioxide into fuel might be possible with this new material

It is increasingly worried that the world will not limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius – the goal set out in the Paris Climate Change Agreement in order to avoid the most dangerous effects.

This has led scientists around the world to try to develop effective ways to remove carbon from the atmosphere.

To address the alarming problem of climate change, a “spongy” scientist, who can turn on the air fuel by removing carbon dioxide has developed.

The achievement is an important step forward in the development of technologies that can generate fuel while reducing the levels of a potent greenhouse gas with solar energy.

When exposed to visible light, a material, an organic crystal structure of nickel converts carbon dioxide (CO2) from carbon monoxide (CO) gas, which can be converted into liquid fuels, solvents and other useful products.

It works by converting carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide, which can be converted into a useful source of energy
The researcher noted that light-activated material was a “critical step” towards making a fuel value while reducing the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere

Representative image
“We show close to 100 percent selectivity for CO production without detection of competing products such as hydrogen or methane,” said scientist Haimei Zheng at the US Department of Energy’s National Laboratory Lawrence Berkeley (Berkeley Lab)
More information about the search:

Interest in the development of catalysts for the reduction of solar energy from carbon dioxide to generate fuel increased with the rapid consumption of fossil fuels in the last century and with the desire of renewable energy sources

“The complete elimination of the competitive evolution of hydrogen during a photocatalytic CO 2 conversion of CO had not been carried out before our work,” said Zheng
The researchers have developed an innovative laser chemical method for the creation of an organometallic material

The nickel precursors were dissolved in triethyleneglycol solution and exposed to the solution of a non-focused infrared laser, which caused a chain reaction in the solution when the metal absorbed light

The resulting reaction formed the metal-organic composites which were then separated from the solution. “When we change the wavelength of the laser, we would have different composites,” said Niu Kaiyang, a materials scientist at Zheng’s lab.

“We have therefore determined that the reactions were activated by light instead of the activation of heat,” said Niu

Father, son prepare for eclipse after missed 1979 viewing

Father, son prepare for eclipse after missed 1979 viewing

The veteran and amateur astronomer of World War II were devastated when their devastated friends lived a dark sky in the middle of the day.

“Everyone who was outside began to see, and they enjoyed telling me all this – and I was hurt by it,” said brick, now 92.

“But work, you know.”
Brick will have another chance to witness the story of this month, when a total eclipse of the Sun started its way through the US. In Oregon.

It was missing in 1979 covered the Pacific Northwest and parts of Canada. The total eclipse will be visible from coast to coast, which has not happened for 99 years.

Brick intends to see the event with his son using two telescopes: a new vision of the future and the other two did it 53 years ago in his basement.

The men look at the sun through the two during the entire eclipse, when the moon’s shadow totally covers the sun for a little more than two minutes.

They also use special filters to photograph the eclipse through the new machine.

Brick, who survived a kamikaze attack against the USS Drexler during the battle of Okinawa, opportunity is the experience of his life.

This acquisition of part of a video shows Gene Brick, 92, left, and his son, Bartt Brick, looking through a telescope in Madras, Oregon. June 12, 2017, they did together in 1964. Both planned to see the next solar eclipse set August 21, 2017, through Oregon.

“I’ve always liked to see the moon,” he said, after looking through the telescope, the couple worked in 1964. “Whenever I do.”

The bricks will be a prime location for father and son time. The city of Madras in central Oregon, lies in the desert, where the summer sky is usually clear and cloudless.

It is expected that 100,000 people arrive in and around Jefferson County for the August 21 event, fearing overcrowding and traffic.

The brick son, brick Bartt, is on the council of Madras and will call during the eclipse. But take the time to see the important event with your father to him.

The oldest brick earned the last four credits he needed for his high school diploma when he enrolled in the United States Navy and never went to college, but even in his 90s he studied particle physics.

The couple decided to build the telescope when the young brick was 14 years after finding a piece of glass in the garage of his great-grandfather who was crushed by the hand of a concave lens for a telescope.

Brick Gene worked long difficult days cutting logs to the factory and continued overnight working on the project with his teenage son.

“We had bought a book about telescopes and a new dictionary, and after about four months or five, we had a telescope,” said Bartt Brick on a recent summer day.

“I sleep about half the night,” added his father with a smile.

Full text: Snapdeal’s Kunal Bahl, Rohit Bansal tell staff ‘new path’ already profitable at gross level

Full text: Snapdeal’s Kunal Bahl, Rohit Bansal tell staff ‘new path’ already profitable at gross level

Snapdeal of conversations with Flipkart were canceled with the founders of the old commission to an independent road and a version of “Snapdeal 2.0”.

Firstpost mail received Kunal Bahl and Rohit Bansal wrote Snapdeal employees through the sources.

In the letter, they said that with the continued rationalization of costs and the sale of certain assets, such as Freecharge, “we are financially independent as a company and we do not need to generate additional capital to satisfy profitability.”

Recently, the company sold the mobile payment solutions company, Freecharge which it bought in 2015 for about Rs 2.500 crore to Rs 385 crore at Shaft Bank.

“… The opportunity for e-commerce in India is huge, and the surface of this market of 200 billion has barely been scratched,” said the letter’s founders, showing good face although media reported. 80 percent of its staff.

In recent months, our company has participated in strategic discussions with other stakeholders. A lot of time and effort in the process of all participants in this exhausting process.

The process led to intense speculation and uncertainty for our team, our partners and our shareholders. And now is the time to end this saga.

We will continue the Snapdeal tour as an independent company. As we have said many times, the opportunity for e-commerce in India is enormous and the size of this 200 billion market has barely been scratched.

We have a great team, millions of loyal customers, hundreds of thousands of motivated marketers and a phenomenal platform that was built with years of effort. All the ingredients for success have always been present in our society.

And after months of tumultuesse, it is time to focus on the business and take advantage of all the advantages we have to move towards our vision of building the best market to connect buyers to sellers in India.

The correct question is why we are moving independently, although much effort has been made to determine a strategic combination.

There are some reasons that go beyond the fact that the planned deal was incredibly complex to execute, as reported by the media.

First, there will be no successful model for e-commerce in India. In all markets, there are several successful e-commerce companies, as their strategy is differentiated and has a road to success, there is an excellent business that can be built.

Creating content

The success of this issue could see the RBL Bank also speed up its listing.

The healthy way

Delhi-based Best Foods, a ?2,400 crore company (chairman: M.P. Jindal) engaged in the production of pack­aged basmati rice is planning to make a big splash in the domestic market.

The company which has 18 factories processing rice is planning to increase its retail outlets from 250 to at least 350 across India in the current fiscal, by investing in health and wellness stores. A differential pricing strategy to promote rice in retail packs rang­ing from ?90-200 per kg are sought to be sold in these outlets. Promot­ing rice along with nuts and honey, the company is planning to dispel rumours that eating rice is unhealthy and also demonstrate the right ways of cooking rice. The company plans to build up a national presence.

Headless

institutions

The government’s move to lure private sector talent to fill up the numerous vacancies in PSU banks has apparently not met with the desired level of suc­cess. Many of the big jobs includ­ing finding a CEO for the BRICS bank, debt management office proposed in the budget by the finance minis­ter, Arun Jaitely, are vacant. Besides Punjab National Bank and a few oth­ers are also vacant and if reports are to be believed even some of the larger banks’ posts will also be vacant post May. Some of the posts in IREDA are also likely to remain vacant. One of the reasons for the private sector pussy-footing over taking up jobs in PSUs is the fear of reporting to some babus in New Delhi and taking ver­bal instructions from them. The gov­ernment, it is learnt, may soon step in aggressively in a bid to resolve some of these concerns as the post of BRICS Bank is too prestigious to leave open for a long period of time.

Going online

Kewal Kiran Clothing Ltd (KKCL), with a good collection of affordable and aspirational brands (Killer, Integriti, Lawman and Easies), is going through some challenging times. Although it is in the fastest growing fashion apparel segment, it has suffered due to a lacklustre demand environment for apparels and an onslaught of online retailers offering attractive dis­counted merchandise. Consequently, though its top line has grown by 9 per cent in the first nine months, its earn­ings are marginally down by 3 per cent in the same period. According to a source, KKCL is aggressively looking at the online model to boost sales, as the recovery in consumer sentiment sets in. Meanwhile, the company has a strong balance sheet (zero debt with net cash accruals at ?215 crore; consti­tuting 10 per cent of the market cap).

Reliance in Korea

ADAG-promoted Reliance AMC, where Nippon has a stake, is planning to strengthen its ties with Samsung Asset Management. If reports are to be believed a strategic tie-up to cross promote Reliance products in Korea and vice-versa may soon become reality. In which case it may not be long before we see more Korean money flowing into the Indian fund which currently has ^1,37,000 crore assets under management.*

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Niche

platforms

Phone accessories market in India is growing along with the growth in the sales of per­sonal devices such as smart­phones, tablets, etc. Although these accessories are available on e-commerce marketplaces, there are companies selling a particular accessory. Niche

(•) dailyobjects

vertical e-commerce plat­forms are coming up. Daily- objects.com, an e-commerce store sells only designer back covers of smartphones. It works with 50 designers and has 3,500 designs for more than 100 smartphones. Daily, on an average, it sells 350 back covers. DailyOb- jects has 50 per cent margin on these covers and it clocks
?1.5 crore turnover every month. It also sells on e-com­merce marketplaces.

Creating

content

Babyhugz.com, an e-com- merce store dedicated to baby care needs, offers both prod­ucts and content to provide information to new, young parents. The content, which is created to assist young par­ents, it claims, is the differ­entiator between itself and other players. The start-up has hired moms to create content, which is seamlessly integrated on the Website with the products. It sells baby products like apparel, skin care products, diapers and toys, baby essentials etc.

HEA»PH«NE

zmm

Babyhugz has about 250,000 registered users since its launch in October 2014 and it sells 400-500 products daily. It has already raised seed funding of $350,000 and expects to break even in its fourth year of operations.

 

Weddings made easier

To make organising big fat Indian weddings easier, start-ups are ready to help you. There are wed­ding planners, list­ing Websites where various vendors are listed and then there’s a Website dedicated to vendors required for wed­dings. Wedding- plz.com, a one-stop Website for weddings has expanded in Mumbai. The start-up had begun its operations with

Delhi. It claims to have more than 25,000 vendors provid­ing services required for wed­dings listed on its Website across 42 categories viz. Wed­ding venues, caterers, bridal make-up artists, wedding bands, florists. The Web­site also has planning tools like budget manager, wed­ding checklist and options to create password-protected couple wedding Website. Contrary of popular percep­tion, it’s not a seasonal busi­ness. Because, according to Weddingplz, when its off­season for one reli­gion, its wedding season for another. It makes money through sponsored listings, lead genera­tion for its vendors, and earning com­mission on business given to vendors through the Website. In the next few months, it plans to expand to four cities. ♦

 

 

 

WEBWATCH

Preventing infiltration

Cyber attackers are infiltrating networks and evading detec­tion by hijacking the infrastructure of major corporations and using it against them, says Symantec. “Attackers don’t need to break down the door to a company’s network when the keys are readily available,” said Tarun Kaura, director, technology sales, India, Symantec. “We’re seeing attackers trick companies into infecting themselves by Trojanizing software updates to common programs and patiently wait­ing for their targets to download them – giving attackers unfettered access to the corporate network.”

Symantec research reveals that it took software companies an average of 59 days to create and roll out patches – up from only four days in 2013. Attackers took advantage of the delay and, in the case of Heartbleed, leapt to exploit the vulnerability within four hours. There were 24 total zero-day vulnerabilities discovered in 2014, leaving an open playing field for attackers to exploit known security gaps before they were patched.

Symantec observed that attackers are using stolen e-mail accounts from one cor­porate victim to spear-phish other victims higher up the food chain. Spear-phishing is a more highly targeted version of phishing, whichutilisese-mails to target users in the target company by appearing to originate from within the company – often from HR or IT departments or someone known to the user.

Risk of malware

Now, even new devices carry the risk of malware. The threat of pre-installed software on machines would be a com­mon source of spreading Adware in the next quarter and even the newly purchased machines would carry the risk of malware, Quick Heal Technologies has forecasted in its threat reports for the first quarter 2015. Adware is soft­ware that automatically displays or downloads advertising material such as banners or pop-ups, when a user is online. It can be designed to analyse which Internet sites the user visits and to present adver­tising pertinent to the types of goods or services featured there.

“We have, over the years, witnessed an increas­ing number of Ransomware and Adware cases across both Android and Windows platforms,” says Sanjay Kat- kar, CTO, Quick Heal Tech nologies. “In recent times Ransomware has evolvec some more with the help of different fil formats and social engineering tricks that a being used to increase its reach and impact.” Ransomware is a type of malicious softwa designed to block access to a computer system or device until money demanded by the hack is paid.

 

Promoting a negative image

Bad economics, bad polite Sadly, the BJP government is getting caught in the tax follies of the past. Unfortu­nately, over the last couple of years the two issues from India that have generated maximum news overseas have been the retro­spective demands by the tax authorities and the number of rapes in public places. The ret­rospective rules have severely impacted India’s image as a safe place to do business. And the cases of rape have impacted India’s image as a safe destination for women tourists.

First there was the well known and widely discussed Vodafone case which the govern­ment lost in the Supreme Court, but then tried to overcome by retrospective amendments to the tax law. And now in recent weeks there has been the demand retrospectively for the Min­imum Alternate Tax (MAT). The tax authori­ties have chosen, based on one ruling of the advance authority of tax rules, to reopen the cases of many Fils across the board, for several years past, and demand payment of MAT.

Both the minister of finance Arun Jaitely and his minster of state Jayant Sinha have been at pains to explain in various forums, both in India and overseas, again and again, that the present government does not intend hereafter to levy tax demands retrospectively. But where notices have been issued by the tax authorities under the law as it stands, they would have to be litigated and decided upon in the courts of law. They also add that the government has a sovereign right, in appropriate cases, to pass tax legislations which apply retrospectively.

It is nobody’s case that our government, like any other government does not have the right to pass tax legislation that applies retro­spectively. Several western governments assert the same right. While it may lead to inequity, sovereign right is difficult to deny.

But having said this it is difficult to under­stand, let alone justify the ministers’ insistence that the demands raised by the authorities on the Fils for MAT for the years past, be fought through and litigated to the bitter end in the courts. Especially since when most Indians, let alone foreigners are resigned to the end­less time taken for cases to wind their way through our courts.

If MAT is not applicable to Fils in the future there is little justification for raising demands for the past. Also, in all likelihood, it is misreading
of the law to say that all companies, wherever incorporated, are liable to MAT in India. It is obvious, under commonly accepted principles of international law, that the government leg­islation can only apply to companies which are incorporated in India or doing businesses in India through a permanent establishment. The law makes it clear that Fils investing in India are not deemed to have a permanent establish­ment in India. Therefore to demand MAT from them is unlikely to succeed.

Moreover the position adopted by the gov­ernment is at variance with commonly accepted international practices. Over the last 65 years international capital markets have grown dra­matically and well accepted rules of the game have evolved. As European pension funds insti­tutions and individuals invested in the US mar­kets and then the US institutions invested in Europe all governments accepted that such investments would be tax free in the countries receiving the investments but that tax would be paid in their own countries; similarly when west­ern institutions invested in Japan and Southeast Asia, the same rules applied. Since we have cho­sen to invite foreign institutional investments into India we should abide by the same rules.

Another way of looking at this would be to ask the hypothetical question as to what would have happened if the US chose to tax gains on the billions of dollars of investments in US treasuries held by the RBI.

This insistence on issuing clarifications only for the future, without applying the same logic to the demands for past years, is also bad politics. All it means is that India gets a nega­tive image amongst international institutional investors. In any case, the final amounts col­lected would be very small compared to the negative publicity the country has received.

Instead of the government and its ministers facing the flak whenever interacting with for­eign investors, it would make more sense for it to simply blame the previous finance min­isters, Pranab Mukherjee and then P. Chidam­baram, during whose tenures badly worded amendments were made to the Income Tax Act, and issue clarifications that applies ab ini­tio. This would be a positive push to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s intent to make India an attractive place to do business.   ♦

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