Triple talaq hearing: Arguments before SC show Muslim minds still unwilling to think outside religion’s framework

So even if the triple Talaq included in Article 25, it will still be subject to other fundamental rights. In the triple business, article 25 will be subject to article 14 on the right to equality, article 15 (1) on the right to non-discrimination and article 21 on the right to life and dignity. Article 14 states: “The State shall not deny any person equality before the law or equal protection of the laws …”

Because divorce by a Muslim husband is unilateral, although approved by the Koran, it still violates a Muslim woman’s right to equality under article 14.

(1) Article 15 states: “The State shall not discriminate against any citizen solely on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them.”

The fundamental right of a Muslim woman to non-discrimination on the basis of sex in section 15 (1) is violated because the Muslim husband may divorce unilaterally, whether by a single or triple and Talaq even if executed as part of the Qur’anic procedure . Violation of this fundamental right can not be accepted.

Article 21 says: “No one shall be deprived of life or personal liberty, except in accordance with the procedure established by law.” The right to personal liberty under this law includes human dignity, one of the main reasons why Muslim women have addressed the Supreme Court against the triple Talaq.

Let us suppose for a moment that the triple Talaq is essential for the practice of religion. However, article 25, which is the lowest among all human rights, will always be subject to articles 14, 15 (1) and 21. It should be emphasized that the right of a Muslim husband to a life of dignity available under Article 21 terms and getting a divorce with dignity is also violated, because you are not allowed to go to court to get a divorce.

The most regrettable point is that no Muslim scholar is defending the rights of Muslim women in the cornerstone of the Constitution. It is understandable that the former minister of Salman Khurshid will not defend these fundamental rights before the South Carolina bank, as it comes from the Congress party that supported the Islamic movement in Khilafat Shah Bano in 1986. This n ‘no It is understandable is that Khan, a self sacrificed his own political career on the issue of equality of Muslim women, not defend these basic rights.

These rights are non-negotiable. Lawyer Farah Faiz, who usually defends constitutional principles, was only slightly ahead and Khurshid Khan, demanding that Islamic courts are banned by the apex court.

It is pertinent to mention that there is no specific Muslim personal law. There exists the term “personal law” for a series of laws that govern Muslim issues such as marriage, inheritance, Habiz, etc. In the context of the Triple Talaq, two laws should be mentioned. The Law of 1938, the law on the right of Muslim people (Shariat) regulates Muslim marriage and other issues, but leaves the door open for Muslim men to divorce according to religious rules out of court. There is no law under which a Muslim divorce court man. The Law on the Dissolution of Muslim Marriages in 1939 allows Muslim women to seek, not, divorce through courts or out of court.

Currently, a Muslim husband leaves for either of two forms of Talaq triple Talaq triples given in a single session, or three splints given once a month for three months.

New optical device can detect drugs, explosives

New optical device can detect drugs, explosives

Scientists have developed a new light-based sensor that can help detect drugs in the blood, remnants of explosives in the environment and follow the disease.

Scientists used an approach known as the name of spectroscopy, which involves the study of how light interacts with traces of material.
“This new optical device has the potential to improve our ability to detect all kinds of biological and chemical samples,” said Qiaoqiang Gan, associate professor at the University of Buffalo in the United States.

The new sensor works with light in the mid-infrared band of the electromagnetic spectrum.

This spectrum is used for most remote controls, night vision and other applications.

The sensor consists of two layers of metal with an interposed insulating intermediate.

Using a manufacturing technique called atomic layer deposition, the researchers created a device with lower zones at five nanometers (human hair is approximately 75,000 nanometers in diameter) between two metal layers.

These gaps allow the sensor to absorb up to 81% of infrared light, a significant improvement over the three percent absorbed similar devices, researchers reported.

The process is known as the name of the improved infrared absorption spectroscopy (SEIRA) surface.

The sensor, which acts as a substrate for the materials examined, increases the sensitivity of Seira devices to detect molecules at a resolution 100 to 1000 times higher than previously reported results, researchers reported.

The increase makes SEIRA spectroscopy similar to another type of spectroscopic analysis, Rama spectroscopy improved surface (SERS), which measures the scattering of light rather than absorption.

“SEIRA progress could be useful in any scenario that calls for finding traces of molecules,” said Dengxin Ji, a PhD student at Gan Laboratory.

“This includes but is not limited to the detection of drugs in the blood, materials to make bombs, art and fraudulent disease surveillance,” said Ji.

Prototype for First Interstellar Spacecraft Launched

Prototype for First Interstellar Spacecraft Launched

When you are going to explore the stars, chances are your first thoughts are as follows: Star Trek Enterprise: Massive ship equipped by hundreds of roaming stars that spread the good values of the Federation.

But Initiatives breakthrough, a research group focused on stellar exploration has a much more modest plan, and that is already tested.

Last week, the group successfully launched its first batch of six experimental operations. Called “sprites”, everyone is a little larger than a square inch, and only a few grams.

But even with such a thin frame, he managed to pack in communication antennas, a processor and a series of small sensors.

Project “Avance Starshot” Spalleras is known, aims to launch a small number of spacecraft to Alpha Centauri – our nearest celestial neighbor.

The idea is that if we can keep the work very, very small, it will be much easier to get machines of appreciable speed. Means a faster displacement than we can reach the stars before.

Yes we will not be able to send scouts or people with this technology but the hope is that we will learn enough about what is beyond our solar system that the company is worth more than that.

The sprites were made from a vehicle launching polar orbiting satellites from India and are now sitting in a low-Earth orbit, collecting data for research. Finally, the team hopes to make the art smaller.

Its final design will be called “StarChips” and works in the same way as the sprites; Only those will be built to travel nearly 20% of the speed of light – fast enough to reach Alpha Centauri in just 20 years, compared to tens of thousands that would be with conventional rockets.

The company also has big names, including astrophysicist Stephen Hawking. To start working quickly, the chips would have the power of a land or moon laser.

If it is strong enough and if the engineers behind the project can devise a way to fuse the Starchips with all that energy directed at them, then it can also have a viable candidate for stars.

The team wants to finally add everything from cameras, sensors and advanced navigation equipment to small propellers that allow the little guy to move around a bit.

And with each of those costing a small fraction of their biggest rocket brothers, we could literally send millions.

We could lose most of them along the way (after all, we still know very little about the dangers they can expect before the little kisses come out of their relatively safe star neighborhood)

And still get enough data to get useful data. Once the probes reached their target, we should have to wait four years to listen.

And it’s worth wondering how we can detect such a weak signal (again, the emitters will be tucked into something barely larger than a postage stamp), but our best minds are there.

The one TV show that Astronaut Scott Kelly binge watched to get through his one year in space

The one TV show that Astronaut Scott Kelly binge watched to get through his one year in space

Scott Kelly was the potelier of space exploration since returning from his marathon trip to the International Space Station, which lasted more than a full calendar year between 2015 and 2016.

The one-year shipment has not only been highly publicized and praised around the world but also allowed researchers and academics to have a clearer understanding than ever of the psychological and physical effects of spending in major periods.

Kelly did not participate in her first tour, but it is well known that the ISS is not exactly a luxury resort where you can spend your free time on yoga and spa treatments.

Although his stay was unprecedented, the veteran astronaut who has traveled the last frontier and beyond for many years and has made four towers knows a thing or two about the survival of the endless tedium of space travel.

But Kelly recently revealed in a press briefing that the only thing that went through his long journey in space was actually the hit fantasy series of HBO Game of Thrones.

Kelly, who is currently promoting the documentary Beyond a Year in Space, which is based on his last day on the ISS and back to Earth and events thereafter,

He revealed that if the mandate of his mission was mainly scientific, free time he had passed was like the people of the earth, watching downloaded programs, reading, and basically be attracted to the world of West and the Seven Kingdoms.
The PBS documentary will follow the first very popular section titled A Year in Space that made Kelly the celebrity she was now.

He follows his journey to Earth and the story of how he was brought back to life on the ground after having spent most of the days in space by any man in history.

Speaking to reporters at an event, Kelly also revealed that he had observed Game of Thrones not once but twice.

Scott Kelly’s Year in Space:
His marathon expedition included several scientific experiments on the human experience in space and has produced revolutionary results.

However, above all, Kelly has credited above all with popularizing and humanizing the concept of spending time in space – we must get used to everything with people like Elon Musk working overtime to put humans on Mars.

An engineer and a lifelong astronaut, Kelly retired recently was also very popular for his daily exploits in space that he became a true YouTube star. Not to mention, the goal of free attendance Kelly was also at stake:

Deaths of North Atlantic right whales puzzle Canadian scientists

Deaths of North Atlantic right whales puzzle Canadian scientists

TORONTO, July 31 (Reuters) – US conservatives are struggling to discover why North Atlantic whales are dying in unprecedented numbers, with nine deaths in the Gulf of Saint Martin

Lawrence in two months, according to Canadian officials.

The nine deaths are most pronounced in 2017 for the endangered marine mammal since scientists began tracking numbers in the 1980s, said Kim Davies, a postdoctoral fellow at Dalhousie University, who is a pioneer in Way to keep track of your activity in real time.

There are about fifty of the North Atlantic right and left whales in the world.

Human activity has caused at least part of this summer’s death.

Three whales died a brutal force trauma when being hit by a large vessel while another died after being trapped in fishing gear, said Monday Tonya Wimmer, director of Marine Response Society.

The whale corpses are so large, Wimmer and his colleagues need a backhoe to enter the animals to perform necropsies.

Whales, designated as endangered species, have been seen in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in greater than normal numbers this summer, Davies said, perhaps because their zooplankton food source is rarer in that other habitats such as the Gulf of Maine and the Bay of Fundy.

The Department of Fisheries and Oceans has closed a bit of snow crab fishing in early death and called on vessels in the high-traffic Gulf of San Lorenzo to voluntarily maintain their speed at 10 knots or less.

However, long-term solutions such as standards for speed, roads and equipment are needed to avoid more deaths such as these, Wimmer said.

“This is unprecedented, and it is catastrophic … For the sake of the species, it has to stop.” (Reporting by Anna Mehler Paperny, Editing by Sandra Maler)

Mysterious craters blowing out of Russia could mean trouble for the whole planet

Mysterious craters blowing out of Russia could mean trouble for the whole planet

The frozen soil of the Russian province, known as permafrost degrades, caused major changes in the landscape and ecology of the region. This could even endanger lives.

“The last time we saw a permafrost melt was 130,000 years ago. It is a natural phenomenon due to changes in Earth’s orbit,” said Earth science professor at Oxford University, Dr. Gideon Henderson .

“But this is certainly unprecedented is the rate of warming.The warming that occurred there 130,000 years ago happened thousands of years ago … What we see happening now, warms up for decades or a century.”

Thus we see a much faster collapse of permafrost, Henderson said.

Global Warming – but Faster

It is clear that the melting of permafrost has a significant effect on the climate, Henderson said.

Under normal conditions, permafrost regulates the amount of carbon in the environment by absorbing and storing significant atoms that release the human from the combustion of fossil fuels.

In the case of Siberia, this equation is reversed.

“When [permafrost] releases carbon, it will accelerate the rate of warming in the future,” Henderson said. A self-reinforced feedback loop is created through which the heating releases more atoms, resulting in increased heating.

Methane is 86 times worse than carbon dioxide

Since 2014, several massive wells were discovered in the area. The first could have been measured more than 50 feet wide.

There are several hypotheses on how craters form, but none of them have been proven, said Dr. Vladimir Romanovsky, professor of geophysics at the University of Alaska Fairbanks.

“All these assumptions, however, use the fact that the temperature in the region increases,” Romanovsky said.

The formation of these crater-like holes could have important implications for the community of Siberia and the environment in general.

One theory suggests that holes are created when the trapped gas explodes. Carbon dioxide and methane, both greenhouse gases are released in the process.

According to conventional estimates, methane warms the planet 34 times larger than carbon dioxide over 100 years.

However, these estimates ignore the fact that methane in the atmosphere decomposes into carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas less potent after 10 to 20 years.

Over a 20-year period, methane from the warming potential is 86 times greater than that of carbon dioxide, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

It is still whether the formation of these craters contributes to significant amounts of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, according to the researchers.

“There is no estimate of the amount of methane released into the atmosphere, since we do not know how” these craters form, “Romanovsky said.

According to Henderson, scientists are not sure of the rate and types of gases ejected – especially methane is broken down into carbon dioxide before or after its release.

A beyond-telescope-range Asteroid, expected to fly past earth on 12th October keyed up NASA

A beyond-telescope-range Asteroid, expected to fly past earth on 12th October keyed up NASA

Scientists and astronomers at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) said they are very excited because the mysterious asteroid, called 2012 and TC4 places out of reach of telescopes, moves quickly towards Earth and must fly through our home planet 12 October 2017.

According to scientists, the asteroid, which could be as large as 100 feet in size, is unknown and will give scientists a unique opportunity to test their space exploration ability.

As has been said NASA scientists are “sure” that space rock hits or missed the planet, and not know how it will fly on Earth.

As revealed by NASA the mysterious asteroid should not be in the 4,200-mile region of Earth’s surface, but it can not be more specific about its proximity to Earth that is telescopes out since 2012.

According to Michael Kelley, leader of the observation campaign “NASA uses the 2012 TC4 overflight as a” test “.

As scientists at California-based NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) explained, “We are very excited about the proximity of a small, mysterious asteroid on Earth and we intend to use its closest approximation to Earth as The gold prospect not only for scientific discoveries but also to test the threat analysis capabilities of NASA’s network of observatories as well as scientists working closely with collaboration with planetary defense systems “.

The first and last flyby 2012 TC4 grounding occurred in 2012, after which it disappeared in the solar system and exceeded the range of telescopes.

While earlier, scientists had a detailed idea of most of the asteroids that were close to the earth and that they knew they were safely flying to the ground or causing damage, this time,

They are not sure if this asteroid beyond the telescope area will insure overview of the Earth and how it will approach Earth as it passes.

Turning carbon dioxide into fuel might be possible with this new material

Turning carbon dioxide into fuel might be possible with this new material

It is increasingly worried that the world will not limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius – the goal set out in the Paris Climate Change Agreement in order to avoid the most dangerous effects.

This has led scientists around the world to try to develop effective ways to remove carbon from the atmosphere.

To address the alarming problem of climate change, a “spongy” scientist, who can turn on the air fuel by removing carbon dioxide has developed.

The achievement is an important step forward in the development of technologies that can generate fuel while reducing the levels of a potent greenhouse gas with solar energy.

When exposed to visible light, a material, an organic crystal structure of nickel converts carbon dioxide (CO2) from carbon monoxide (CO) gas, which can be converted into liquid fuels, solvents and other useful products.

It works by converting carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide, which can be converted into a useful source of energy
The researcher noted that light-activated material was a “critical step” towards making a fuel value while reducing the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere

Representative image
“We show close to 100 percent selectivity for CO production without detection of competing products such as hydrogen or methane,” said scientist Haimei Zheng at the US Department of Energy’s National Laboratory Lawrence Berkeley (Berkeley Lab)
More information about the search:

Interest in the development of catalysts for the reduction of solar energy from carbon dioxide to generate fuel increased with the rapid consumption of fossil fuels in the last century and with the desire of renewable energy sources

“The complete elimination of the competitive evolution of hydrogen during a photocatalytic CO 2 conversion of CO had not been carried out before our work,” said Zheng
The researchers have developed an innovative laser chemical method for the creation of an organometallic material

The nickel precursors were dissolved in triethyleneglycol solution and exposed to the solution of a non-focused infrared laser, which caused a chain reaction in the solution when the metal absorbed light

The resulting reaction formed the metal-organic composites which were then separated from the solution. “When we change the wavelength of the laser, we would have different composites,” said Niu Kaiyang, a materials scientist at Zheng’s lab.

“We have therefore determined that the reactions were activated by light instead of the activation of heat,” said Niu

Creating content

The success of this issue could see the RBL Bank also speed up its listing.

The healthy way

Delhi-based Best Foods, a ?2,400 crore company (chairman: M.P. Jindal) engaged in the production of pack­aged basmati rice is planning to make a big splash in the domestic market.

The company which has 18 factories processing rice is planning to increase its retail outlets from 250 to at least 350 across India in the current fiscal, by investing in health and wellness stores. A differential pricing strategy to promote rice in retail packs rang­ing from ?90-200 per kg are sought to be sold in these outlets. Promot­ing rice along with nuts and honey, the company is planning to dispel rumours that eating rice is unhealthy and also demonstrate the right ways of cooking rice. The company plans to build up a national presence.



The government’s move to lure private sector talent to fill up the numerous vacancies in PSU banks has apparently not met with the desired level of suc­cess. Many of the big jobs includ­ing finding a CEO for the BRICS bank, debt management office proposed in the budget by the finance minis­ter, Arun Jaitely, are vacant. Besides Punjab National Bank and a few oth­ers are also vacant and if reports are to be believed even some of the larger banks’ posts will also be vacant post May. Some of the posts in IREDA are also likely to remain vacant. One of the reasons for the private sector pussy-footing over taking up jobs in PSUs is the fear of reporting to some babus in New Delhi and taking ver­bal instructions from them. The gov­ernment, it is learnt, may soon step in aggressively in a bid to resolve some of these concerns as the post of BRICS Bank is too prestigious to leave open for a long period of time.

Going online

Kewal Kiran Clothing Ltd (KKCL), with a good collection of affordable and aspirational brands (Killer, Integriti, Lawman and Easies), is going through some challenging times. Although it is in the fastest growing fashion apparel segment, it has suffered due to a lacklustre demand environment for apparels and an onslaught of online retailers offering attractive dis­counted merchandise. Consequently, though its top line has grown by 9 per cent in the first nine months, its earn­ings are marginally down by 3 per cent in the same period. According to a source, KKCL is aggressively looking at the online model to boost sales, as the recovery in consumer sentiment sets in. Meanwhile, the company has a strong balance sheet (zero debt with net cash accruals at ?215 crore; consti­tuting 10 per cent of the market cap).

Reliance in Korea

ADAG-promoted Reliance AMC, where Nippon has a stake, is planning to strengthen its ties with Samsung Asset Management. If reports are to be believed a strategic tie-up to cross promote Reliance products in Korea and vice-versa may soon become reality. In which case it may not be long before we see more Korean money flowing into the Indian fund which currently has ^1,37,000 crore assets under management.*

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Phone accessories market in India is growing along with the growth in the sales of per­sonal devices such as smart­phones, tablets, etc. Although these accessories are available on e-commerce marketplaces, there are companies selling a particular accessory. Niche

(•) dailyobjects

vertical e-commerce plat­forms are coming up. Daily-, an e-commerce store sells only designer back covers of smartphones. It works with 50 designers and has 3,500 designs for more than 100 smartphones. Daily, on an average, it sells 350 back covers. DailyOb- jects has 50 per cent margin on these covers and it clocks
?1.5 crore turnover every month. It also sells on e-com­merce marketplaces.


content, an e-com- merce store dedicated to baby care needs, offers both prod­ucts and content to provide information to new, young parents. The content, which is created to assist young par­ents, it claims, is the differ­entiator between itself and other players. The start-up has hired moms to create content, which is seamlessly integrated on the Website with the products. It sells baby products like apparel, skin care products, diapers and toys, baby essentials etc.



Babyhugz has about 250,000 registered users since its launch in October 2014 and it sells 400-500 products daily. It has already raised seed funding of $350,000 and expects to break even in its fourth year of operations.


Weddings made easier

To make organising big fat Indian weddings easier, start-ups are ready to help you. There are wed­ding planners, list­ing Websites where various vendors are listed and then there’s a Website dedicated to vendors required for wed­dings. Wedding-, a one-stop Website for weddings has expanded in Mumbai. The start-up had begun its operations with

Delhi. It claims to have more than 25,000 vendors provid­ing services required for wed­dings listed on its Website across 42 categories viz. Wed­ding venues, caterers, bridal make-up artists, wedding bands, florists. The Web­site also has planning tools like budget manager, wed­ding checklist and options to create password-protected couple wedding Website. Contrary of popular percep­tion, it’s not a seasonal busi­ness. Because, according to Weddingplz, when its off­season for one reli­gion, its wedding season for another. It makes money through sponsored listings, lead genera­tion for its vendors, and earning com­mission on business given to vendors through the Website. In the next few months, it plans to expand to four cities. ♦





Preventing infiltration

Cyber attackers are infiltrating networks and evading detec­tion by hijacking the infrastructure of major corporations and using it against them, says Symantec. “Attackers don’t need to break down the door to a company’s network when the keys are readily available,” said Tarun Kaura, director, technology sales, India, Symantec. “We’re seeing attackers trick companies into infecting themselves by Trojanizing software updates to common programs and patiently wait­ing for their targets to download them – giving attackers unfettered access to the corporate network.”

Symantec research reveals that it took software companies an average of 59 days to create and roll out patches – up from only four days in 2013. Attackers took advantage of the delay and, in the case of Heartbleed, leapt to exploit the vulnerability within four hours. There were 24 total zero-day vulnerabilities discovered in 2014, leaving an open playing field for attackers to exploit known security gaps before they were patched.

Symantec observed that attackers are using stolen e-mail accounts from one cor­porate victim to spear-phish other victims higher up the food chain. Spear-phishing is a more highly targeted version of phishing, whichutilisese-mails to target users in the target company by appearing to originate from within the company – often from HR or IT departments or someone known to the user.

Risk of malware

Now, even new devices carry the risk of malware. The threat of pre-installed software on machines would be a com­mon source of spreading Adware in the next quarter and even the newly purchased machines would carry the risk of malware, Quick Heal Technologies has forecasted in its threat reports for the first quarter 2015. Adware is soft­ware that automatically displays or downloads advertising material such as banners or pop-ups, when a user is online. It can be designed to analyse which Internet sites the user visits and to present adver­tising pertinent to the types of goods or services featured there.

“We have, over the years, witnessed an increas­ing number of Ransomware and Adware cases across both Android and Windows platforms,” says Sanjay Kat- kar, CTO, Quick Heal Tech nologies. “In recent times Ransomware has evolvec some more with the help of different fil formats and social engineering tricks that a being used to increase its reach and impact.” Ransomware is a type of malicious softwa designed to block access to a computer system or device until money demanded by the hack is paid.